Important Canals of the world UPSC- Canals come in all sorts and sizes, also from waterways that connect oceans to small waterways within cities. Historically, canals are overall human-made structures, built for water control, flood prevention, irrigation, and water transport. (Few Important Canals of the World)
Let’s see 4 most important canals of the world:
Important Canals of the world for UPSC Preparation
|1.||Panama||Pacific Ocean with Caribbean Sea|
|2.||Suez||Mediterranean Sea to Red Sea|
|3.||Erie||Atlantic Ocean to Great Lakes|
|4.||Kiel||North Sea to Baltic Sea|
Important Canals of the world UPSC Details-
- The Alter Strom, in the sea resort of Warnemünde Canals or artificial waterways are waterways or engineered channels built for drainage management (e.g. flood control and irrigation) or for conveyancing water transport vehicles (e.g. water taxi).
- A canal can be called a navigation canal when it parallels a natural river and shares part of the latter’s discharges and drainage basin, and leverages its resources by building dams and locks to increase and lengthen its stretches of slack water levels while staying in its valley.
- It came into being because the Industrial Revolution (which began in Britain during the mid-18th century) demanded an economic and reliable way to transport goods and commodities in large quantities.
- During the 19th century in the US, the length of canals grew from 100 miles (161 km) to over 4,000, with a complex network making the Great Lakes navigable, in conjunction with Canada, although some canals were later drained and used as railroad rights-of-way.
- So, these canals were partially built with the help of engineers from the Netherlands and other countries. A major question was however to connect the Atlantic and the Pacific with a canal through narrow Central America.
- The new set of locks allow transit of larger then Post-Panamax and New Panamax ships. The narrow early industrial canals, however, have ceased to carry significant amounts of trade and many have been abandoned to navigation, but may still be used as a system for transportation of untreated water.
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