Railway Transport of India
Railway transport is an important mode of the conveyance of people and goods. Here are some Indian Railways Facts:
Indian Railways (IR) is the primary operator of rail operations throughout the country a state-owned organization of the Ministry of Railways, which historically had its government budget.
- Between 2019 and 2020, 22.15 million passengers used the Indian Railways network daily. In the same period, 3.32 million metric tons were on the IR network.
- Indian Railway system is the second largest in Asia and the fourth largest in the world.
- The longest railway platform in India is now Gorakhpur with a stretch of around 1.3 km.
- The first train ran in India between Bombay and Thane, a stretch of 34 km on 16th April 1853.
- The second train ran between Howrah and Hooghly in 1854.
- The first electric train in India was Deccan Queen. It was introduced in 1929 between Bombay and Poona
- The longest train route is ‘Vivek Express’ from Dibrugarh in Assam to Kanyakumari in Tamil Nadu. It covers a distance of 4273 km (2655 miles)
- The first Metro train was introduced in Kolkata (West Bengal) on 24th October 1984. The two stations connected were Dumdum and Belgachhia.
- In 1990, Konkan Railway has been started between Goa, Maharastra, and Karnataka.
- Delhi metro rail was started in 2002 on 25th December between Shahdra and Tees Hazari.
- The rapid metro train has been started in Gurgaon (Haryana) on 14th November 2013.
- Vande Bharat Express also known as Train 18, is an Indian semi-high-speed electric (India’s fastest train) train made by Integral Coach Factory, Chennai, under the make in India Programme.
- Eastern Peripheral Expressway or Kundli-Ghaziabad-Palwal Expressway is a 6-lane expressway passing through the states of Haryana and Uttar Pradesh.
- India’s longest greenfield 6-lane expressway named as Agra-Lucknow expressway has been inaugurated in Utter Pradesh.
Indian Railways Zones and Headquarters
|S. No||Railway Zone||Headquarters|
|16.||South Coast Railway||Visakhapatnam|
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